Period: Middle Pleistocene
Collection Date: 1983
Collector: Gerlinde Darnhofer and Till
Localization: West Tukana
Reference: B. Gunter and L. Richard, 1986
Catalogue: # KNM-ES11693
300 thousand years ago to today
H. heildelbergensis lived during the middle Pleistocene in Europe, Asia and Africa. They possessed a mixture of primitive features seen in H. erectus and derived features seen in the modern man. They had a large, broad face and a brain case within the range of modern man. They however retained an expanded pariental, a broader frontal, and a more rounded occiput.
Climate swings became more extreme during this period, and there was also more significant adaptive radiation of animal life. Our lineage also became more diverse with more than 10 known hominin species known across the world from this time. Brain sizes in hominins began to get larger. At the same time, human technologies became more diverse and took more planning and skill to make. This ability to plan along with improved locomotion enabled hominins to leave Africa for the first time.