KNM-3233-4

Njoro River Cave

Wooden Vessel

Short Name: GrJh4.4

Period: Middle Holocene

Culture/Industry: Pastoral Neolithic

Localization: Nakuru District

Collection Date: 1950

Collector: Leakey M. D. and L. S. B.

Provenance: Excavation

Material Culture: Wood

Site Name: Njoro River Cave

Catalogue: # KNM-3233-4

7 to 6 thousand years ago

Material Culture

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Description Summary

Pastoral Neolithic site materals in a shelter that has been associated with crematorium

Middle Holocene

Rather suddenly, eastern Africa dried out. All lakes become smaller, many dried up completely. Plant and animal life responded accordingly as forests gave way to grasslands and grasslands gave way to shrublands. Humans also responded by introducing livestock (goats, cattle) to the region. Animal pastoralism became a way of life. Similar to Neolithic revolutions elsewhere, the people of Kenya developed specialized tools and methods to produce food rather than just procuring it. In the north, large stone ceremonial cemeteries were built. In the south, people practiced a mix of foraging and animal husbandry.