Short Name: GrJh4.4
Period: Middle Holocene
Culture/Industry: Pastoral Neolithic
Localization: Nakuru District
Collection Date: 1950
Collector: Leakey M. D. and L. S. B.
Material Culture: Wood
Site Name: Njoro River Cave
Catalogue: # KNM-3233-4
7 to 6 thousand years ago
Pastoral Neolithic site materals in a shelter that has been associated with crematorium
Rather suddenly, eastern Africa dried out. All lakes become smaller, many dried up completely. Plant and animal life responded accordingly as forests gave way to grasslands and grasslands gave way to shrublands. Humans also responded by introducing livestock (goats, cattle) to the region. Animal pastoralism became a way of life. Similar to Neolithic revolutions elsewhere, the people of Kenya developed specialized tools and methods to produce food rather than just procuring it. In the north, large stone ceremonial cemeteries were built. In the south, people practiced a mix of foraging and animal husbandry.