KNM-2680-9

Lake Turkana - Lithics

Cresent

Short Name: GaJi4.sf 437

Period: Middle Holocene

Culture/Industry: Pastoral Neolithic (Later Stone Age) 4000BP

Localization: East of Lake Turkana

Collection Date: 1972

Collector: John Barthelme

Provenance: Surface Collection

Material Culture: Lithic

Site Name: Dangodien

Catalogue: # KNM-2680-9

7 to 6 thousand years ago

Material Culture

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Description Summary

The Dongodien stone artefacts: Animals domestication site

Middle Holocene

Rather suddenly, eastern Africa dried out. All lakes become smaller, many dried up completely. Plant and animal life responded accordingly as forests gave way to grasslands and grasslands gave way to shrublands. Humans also responded by introducing livestock (goats, cattle) to the region. Animal pastoralism became a way of life. Similar to Neolithic revolutions elsewhere, the people of Kenya developed specialized tools and methods to produce food rather than just procuring it. In the north, large stone ceremonial cemeteries were built. In the south, people practiced a mix of foraging and animal husbandry.